• KNOWLEDGE

We write about Infrastructure, Energy, Technology, and Company Culture. Case studies, technical notes, design guides, best practices, perspective on key issues and introductions to innovative ideas.

HDPE Retail Fuel Tanks

Driven by innovation and commitment to the industry, a lot of effort has gone into optimizing the retail fuel station market and to provide better value to existing and new clients. One area of specific improvement is material selection for underground fuel tanks.

Procurement From China

This article explains the procurement process when procuring from China and also explain how to control quality when procuring from them. Although China has been trading with the whole world for almost 40 years now, a number of companies, especially from developing countries, are still very worried about the perceived quality they get from China. This needs to change.

EPC Project Execution

With the African market becoming more mature and understanding the project execution models better, there has been a big rise in EPC (Engineering, procurement and construction) projects being executed in Africa. Although EPC project have been executed all over the world, it’s a very new model for Africa and South Africa and project houses do not really understand how to execute the projects using an EPC execution model.

Motivation In An Engineering Project Environment

This article will thus focus on getting the most out of the people that work for you in the engineering project environment by motivating them correctly. A lot of employers think that money motivates personnel and if you pay them enough, you don’t have to do anything else. Although money is important, and employees need to be able to take care of their families and service their basic needs on a monthly basis, studies actually show that it’s not such a big motivator.

Don't Present Like An Engineer

Many really solid projects or products get lost in translation between engineers trying to present and sell their product and the audience they want to sell to. This article will thus attempt to give engineers some simple rules for technical presentations that they should follow to help them get their message across to the rest of the world.

Infrastructure Project Development 101

Having worked with a number of project developers as well as developing projects in Africa and internationally, the following project development model was developed. By following the steps outlined below, project developers can improve their chances of closing projects, spend less money and time in developing the projects and improve the perception of project development.

EPCM vs EPC Contracting Strategies

In the project environment, two major execution models are used; EPCM (Engineering, procurement and construction management) and EPC (Engineering, procurement and construction). Although the outcome of the project should be very similar, the two models have distinct differences. Both models have their place in the project world, but it’s very important to understand when to select the correct model as it could have major cost and time impacts on the project.

Industrial Uses of Drones

From rapid surveillance deployment to scanning an unreachable and/or dangerous area of interest, drones are proving to be extremely beneficial in places where man cannot reach or is unable to perform in a timely and efficient manner.

fractional distillation of crude oil

Fractional distillation of crude oil - an graphical interpretation

Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) Value Chain - The Basics

Natural gas will be the world's faster growing major energy source through the year 2040. This energy source carries tremendous benefits for the consumers and the environment. It is versatile, clean burning, and abundant.

An In-Depth Discussion on Concentrated Solar Power

Concentrated solar power (CSP) has long been proposed as a source for energy generation applications. The purpose of this article is to provide a summary of relevant theory regarding main aspects of concentrated solar powered energy production

Greencape Biogas Report - EPCM Summary Notes

EPCM's summary notes on the Greencape Western Cape BioGas Report

Direct DME Synthesis From Natural Gas

A prominent market for alternative fuels has emerged, providing an opportunity to establish a niche in a profitable industry. Dimethyl ether (DME) has been identified as an attractive fuel alternative, and has seen exponential increase in demand in Asia Pacific. Dimethyl ether (DME) is a non-petroleum based transportation fuel, to act as a clean replacement for diesel fuel. Forecasts predict that the DME market will increase rapidly in the rest of the world.

Anaerobic Digester Design in South Africa

Energy derived from biogas is used in the form of fuel, heat, and electricity. Biogas is a renewable source of energy derived from biodegradable substrates such as agricultural wastes, animal wastes, domestic wastes, crops and industrial waste. It is produced by anaerobic digestion, which is a biochemical process in the absence of oxygen. The main product of biogas is methane and carbon dioxide.

Air Separation of Cryogenic Gases

An Air Separation Unit (ASU), is a type of technology that separates air into its main constituents. The most abundant components are Nitrogen, followed by oxygen and then argon, as well as other inert gases in small amounts.

Understanding Natural Gas and LNG Options Handbook – Summary

The future of natural gas and liquid natural gas looks promising in Africa: Both as a natural gas resource and a potential import market. We summarise the key points here for 'Understanding Natural Gas and LNG Option Handbook' which has a specific focus on LNG for Africa

LNG as Marine Bunkering Fuel

The marine indsustry is increasingly looking at Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) as a cost effective alternative marine bunkering fuel in order to reduce emissions.

Where Natural Gas is Found and How it is Obtained

A high level look at how natural gas is formed and the typical methods use to extract this natural resource

Continuous Carbon Capture using Stirling Coolers

This article documents the current hypothesis for developing and testing a continuous Carbon Dioxide capture system using Stirling Coolers as the driving force.

Process Technologies for Helium Recovery from Natural Gas: A Review

This article reviews conventional processes used for recovery of helium from natural gas and examines the potential of emerging technologies for more efficient helium production processes, with main focus on Southern Africa’s new helium rich gas reserves.

Considerations for Seismic Analysis of Oil, Gas and Mineral Jetties

Exploring the aspects of seismic analysis of jetties used in the import/export of oil, gas, petroleum and other minerals in seismic active regions.

Design of Large Scale Seawater Intake & Brine Outfall Systems

Systems, parts, and design considerations needed in the designing of large scale seawater intake & brine outfall systems for desalination plants or power station cooling water
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API 650 Tank Fabrication

API 650 Tank Fabrication course presentation
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Choosing Between SPM CALM and CBM Mooring

Discussed in this report are the characteristics of and comparisons between Single Point Mooring (SPM) systems and Conventional Buoy Mooring (CBM) systems, also referred to as Multi-Buoy Moorings (MBM).

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